ESSO - Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

(An Autonomous Body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)
Home Organisation Director's Desk

Director's Desk

    It gives me immense pleassure in presenting the Annual Report of ESSO-INCOIS for 2016-17 inventoring the happenings     and achievements. During the past year INCOIS has lived up to the expectation as well made giant strides in the areas of   ocean information and advisory servies and in ocean modelling.Several feed backs we recived from the users on     information and advisories we have provided yet again testifyied their usefulness and benifets they enjoyed.

   To aid in the search and rescue of lost objects/men at sea, we came out with a Search And Rescue Aid Tool (SARAT)    amalgamating the ocean state forecasts and probablity models. This tool is of great help for the agencies like Indian    Coast Guard who are engaged in search and rescue at sea. We have also established a state-of-the art ocean state forecast laboratory to aid the ocean state forecasts using multiple data sets and models.

We have lived up the expections of all in our country as well as the countries of the Indian Ocean Rim in providing tsunami early warnings without missing a single event of large earthquake (M > 6.5) on the floor of the Indian Ocean or elasewhere. During the last year, we have also deployed a new Decision Support System (Ver. 2016) to enhance the capability in providing tsunami early warnings more effeciently. While continue to conduct the communications tests (comms-tests) every 6 months to ensure the connectivity between the warning centre and other agencies, we had also coordinated IOWave16, a mock drill to prepare the disaster management agencies and coastal population on what to do in case of a real tsunami event. The tsunami mock drill, IOWave16, was conducted during 7-8 September 2016 in coordination with IOC/UNESCO and 23 countries on the Indian Ocean rim. About 40,000 people were evacuavated from 350 ditricts/villages spread over 8 states in India.

Since we depend on satellite data for our services, a new X-Band ground station (3rd ground station on campus) was established to acquire direct broadcast data from Suomi-NPP satellites. To understand the turbulent mixing in the mixed layer of Bay Bengal in the winter season, a special cruise on board ORV Sagar Nidhi was conducted during 18 December 2016 to 3 January 2017. The data is being analysed.

As promised in the 12th plan project, we have completed the set up and operationalized the high-resolution operational models to forecast the temperature-salinity and currents in the entire water column in the seas around India. The last one was setup for the Bay of Bengal with a spatial resolution of 2.25 x 2.25 km. This has enhanced our capability in providing high resolution forecasts, covering the entire water column, to marine industries.

Experiments with Global Ocean Data Assimilation System showed that the assimilation of temperature and salinity observations from bounded observation networks such as tropical moorings degrades the quality of ocean re-analysis due to the genesis of shock and its subsequent westward propagation as Rossby waves, particularly in the pre-Argo era.

The International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean) of ESSO-INCOIS conducted 4 international and 3 national training courses on different aspects of operational oceanography. More than 200 participants, including 36 foreign nationals from 20 countries attended the courses. The construction of buildings for ITCOocean are in progress.

Padma Bhushan, Dr. Pushpa Bhargava, founder director of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) delivered the foundation day lecture. The “Open Day” on 3 February 2016 attarcted several hundered students and pubic to visit INCOIS facilities. In order to promote the usage of language, Hindi, the Official Language Implementation Committee of INCOIS organized three seminars during 2016-17. In addition, a Hindi Pakhwara Progamme was conducted during 1-14 September 2016. The programme included competitions like Elocution, Essay Writing, Quiz etc. for staff and their family members.

ESSO-INCOIS scientists also published 65 research papers in reputed national and international journals with a cumulative impact factor 150. During the FY 2016-17, no manpower was added, either on regular basis or in project mode, in INCOIS. However, 3 Project Scientists and 8 Project Assistants resigned/completed their term during the FY. Two CSIR-UGC NET (LS) qualified JRFs and 2 DST-INSPIRE qualified JRFs joind INCOIS to carryout research leading to Ph.D. degree.

ESSO-INCOIS continued its association with Indian Ocean Global Ocean Observing System (IOGOOS), Regional Co-ordination of Argo Programme, Partnership for Observation of Global Ocean (POGO), Regional Integrated Multi-hazard Early warning System (RIMES) and at Intergovernmental Coordination Group (ICG) of Indian Ocean Tsunami and other hazards Warning System (IOTWS) of Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)/UNESCO. INCOIS continued hosting the secretariats of IOGOOS, Sustained Indian Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research (SIBER) and Ocean Bio-Informatics System (OBIS). In addition, the Indian node of Joint Programme Office (JPO) for IIOE-2 has been hosted at ESSO-INCOIS to coordinate the IIOE-2 project (2016-2020) jointly sponsored by IOC, SCOR and IOGOOS.

ESSO-INCOIS were recognised with several awards and recognitions. Dr. T. M. Balakrishnan Nair, Dr. R. Harikumar, Dr. P. A. Francis and Ms. K. G. Sandhya were awarded with the National Mineral Award at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. Dr. Kunal Chakraborty received the Young Researcher award instituted by MoES and was also selected for the award of INSA Young Scientist. AMET University, Chennai conferred the Honorary Degree (Honoris causa) of Doctor of Science on Dr. S.S.C. Shenoi.

The continuous support and guidance received from the Governing Council under the chairmanship of Dr. M. Rajeevan was excellent. I thank Dr. Rajeevan for the continued support and guidance in conducting the activities of ESSO-INCOIS. My thanks to the members of Governing Council for their support and guidance. Also would like to thank the Chairs and members of Financial Committee and Research Advisory Committee for their critical comments and advices in conducting the financial and scientific affairs of ESSO-INCOIS. Colleagues in Ministry of Earth Science and at the ESSO centers: NIOT, NCAOR, IITM, NCESS, NCMRWF, IMD, CMLRE, and ICMAM were always there with generous support for any issue that we wanted to solve. I thank them all.

I would like say a heartfelt thank you to ESSO-INCOIS members of staff for wholeheartedly cooperating and contributing to the progress of ESSO-INCOIS. Together, we have made significant progress and I hope ESSO-INCOIS will continue its journey to the future. My special thanks to the Editorial Committee of this report under the chairmanship of Francis and its members Hari, Kiran, Praveen, Suprit, Ajay, Nimit, Celsa, Anil and Sidhartha.

I hope, you will enjoy reading this report.
Thank you.
Jai Hind.